Romani history

Western Europe

The period during which the Roma had letters of safe conduct, issued by the rulers at their disposal and were supplied with alms and lodging in Central and Western European countries lasted only a short time. From the beginning of the 16th century onwards, more and more radical laws led to expulsion, deportation and open persecution, culminating in the organised killing of Roma. Often, as in Spain or the Holy Roman Empire, the cruelty of persecution reached its climax only in the 18th century

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