The Romani group called Kaale was among the first to arrive to the area of today’s Finland in the 16th century. They preserved the Romani language though it is now endangered. Among the salient cultural characteristics of the Kaale we find adherence to traditional clothing (especially that of women) and strict rules of hygiene. Until the 1960s the Kaale were itinerant. During the past decades their material well-being has improved, although they are still in the midst of a strong transition.